Gujarat is known for its rich cultural heritage, dance and food. It is a land of contrasts, stretching from the seasonal salt deserts of the Kutch district in the northwest, to the wet, fertile, coastal plains of the south-eastern part of the state. Gandhinagar is the capital city and Ahmedabad is largest city of Gujarat.
Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit words Gurjar (the local tribes of the region) and Rashtra (nation), literally meaning the Gurjar nation. It is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Daman and Diu to the south, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west.
The climate of Gujarat is diverse, the winters are mild, pleasant, and dry with average daytime temperatures around 29 °C and nights around 12 °C with sunny days and clear nights. The summers are extremely hot and dry with daytime temperatures around 49 °C and at night around 30 °C.