Rajasthan literally meaning ‘Land of Kings’ is a state in northern India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Jaipur is the largest city and capital of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is located on the north western side of India and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley and bordered by Indian states of Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, and Gujarat to the southwest.

The north western portion of Rajasthan is generally sandy and dry, and most of this region is covered by the Thar Desert (also known as the ‘Rajasthan Desert’ and ‘Great Indian Desert’) which extends into adjoining portions of Pakistan. The Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range runs through the state from southwest to northeast, almost from one end to the other, for more than 850 kilometres. Mount Abu lies at the southwestern end of the range, separated from the main ranges by the West Banas River.