Ladakh is an union territory located in northern region of India. It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, and the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the west.

The largest town in Ladakh is Leh, followed by Kargil, each of which headquarters a district. The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys. The Kargil district contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys.