Haryana is a landlocked state in north India bordered by Punjab in the North, Himachal Pradesh in the north-east, river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh and by Rajasthan to the west and south. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Haryana along with Punjab, and Faridabad is the largest city in the state of Haryana.
The Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old and among the world’s oldest and largest ancient civilizations.
The Vedic state of Brahmavarta is claimed to be located in south Haryana, where the initial Vedic scriptures were composed after the great floods some 10,000 years ago. The Vamana Purana states that King Kuru ploughed the field of Kurukshetra with a golden ploughshare drawn by the Nandi of Lord Shiva and reclaimed an area of seven Kosas. Replete with myths, legends and Vedic references, Haryana’s past is steeped in glory. It was on this soil that saint Ved Vyas wrote Mahabharata.