Meghalaya is a mesmerising and geologically rich region, with stretches of valleys, highland plateaus, hills, lakes, caves, waterfalls and famous for its high rainfall, subtropical forests and biodiversity. Shillong is the capital and the largest city of Meghalaya.

The name Meghalaya is coined from the Sanskrit word ‘megham’ meaning ‘cloud’ and ‘alayam’ meaning ‘abode’. It shares its border with state of Assam and shares international border with Bangladeshi.

The maximum temperature in this region rarely goes beyond 28 °C whereas sub-zero winter temperatures are common. With average annual rainfall as high as 12,000 mm (470 in) in some areas, Meghalaya is the wettest place on earth and well known for places ‘Cherapunjji’ and ‘Mawsynram’, which receives one of the maximum rain-fall in the world.