Famous Temples and Spiritual Places in Punjab


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Mukteshwar Mahadev Temple, Pathankot District
Deity: Lord Shiva

Mukteshwar Mahadev Temple, also known as Mukesaran Mandir, is a cave temple and a popular shrine of Lord Shiva, located near Pathankot City. The Temple contains a white marble Lingam and a copper Yoni. They are surrounded by the idols of Brahma, Vishnu, Paravati, Hanuman and Ganesha. It is considered to be one of the most sacred places around Pathankot.

According to legend, the Pandavas stayed in the caves for a night during their exile (Agayatwas), and some of these caves date to the time of the Mahabharata (1200 BCE). The site is on the Shahpur Kandi Dam road, situated on the bank of the River Ravi, 22 km from Pathankot City.

A fair, called the Mukesran Da Mela, is held annually at this place in the month of April, to mark the Baisakhi festival. Also, every year a big festival is held on the day of Shivratri, followed by two more celebrations, Chaitra Chodiya and Navaratri. Somvati Amavasya is another big fair organized by the temple committee. Many pilgrims from all over Punjab and the nearby states come here to worship.

Durgiana Temple, Amritsar
Deity: Durga

The Durgiana Temple also known as Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Durga Tirath and Sitla Mandir, is a premier temple situated in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. Though a Hindu temple, its architecture is similar to the Golden Temple.

This temple derives its name from the Goddess Durga, the chief Goddess deified and worshiped here. Idols of Goddess Laksmi (goddess of wealth) and Vishnu (the protector of the world) are also deified and worshiped here.

Gurudwara Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar

The Golden Temple, also known as Harmandir Sahib, meaning “abode of God” or Darbār Sahib, meaning “exalted court”, is a Gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar. It is one of the holiest Gurdwara and the most important pilgrimage site of Sikhism.

The temple is built around a man-made pool (sarovar) that was completed by Guru Ram Das in the year 1577 CE. In the year 1581 CE, Guru Arjan initiated the construction of the Gurdwara. As the center of Sikh faith and growing influence and success of Guru Arjan drew the attention of the Mughals and it remained the main target of attack and persecution by the Mughal rulers and Afghan Sultans till downfall of the Mughal Empire.

Harmandir Sahib complex has a Langar, a community-run free kitchen and dining hall. It is attached to the east side of the courtyard near the Dukh Bhanjani Ber, outside of the entrance. Food is served here to all visitors who want it, regardless of faith, gender or economic background. Vegetarian food is served and all people eat together as equals. Everyone sits on the floor in rows, which is called pangat. The meal is served by volunteers as part of their kar seva ethos.

Gurdwara Baba Atal Sahib, Amritsar

Gurdwara Baba Atal Sahib is a famous Gurdwara of Amritsar and is just a short walk from the famous Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple). The Gurdwara is a touching commemoration of the young life of Baba Atal Rai, the son of Guru Hargobind. Its nine storeys echo his nine years of life before his death in 1628.

According to legends, Atal Rai, at the age of nine, restored his close friend Mohan, son of a widow, to life after his sudden demise. Guru Hargobind considered his son’s act as being against the Sikh tradition and rebuked him for performing a feat involving a miracle and warned him that one’s spiritual power should be displayed “in purity of doctrine and holiness of living”. It is said that Atal Rai told his father that he would lay down his own life for breaking the law of nature by reviving his friend from the dead. So he went into a meditative trance and soon breathed his last. His pyre was lit on the bank of Kaulsar and, later on, to perpetuate his memory a monument was raised.

Shri Kali Devi Temple, Patiala
Deity: Kali Devi

Shri Kali Mata Temple is situated opposite Baradari garden on the Mall Road of Patiala City. The temple was built by the Sikh ruler of the Patiala State, Maharaja Bhupinder Singh, in the year 1936.

The Maharaja was inspired to build this temple and bring the 6 (six) ft tall statue of divine Maa Kali and Paawan Jyoti from Bengal to Patiala. Because of Temple’s beautiful infrastructure, it has been declared a national monument. This large complex attracts devotees of Hindu and Sikh religion, from distant places. A much older temple of Raj Rajeshwari is also situated in the center of this complex. Devotees offer Mustard Oil, daal (lentils), sweets, coconuts, bangles and chunnis, goats, hens and liquor to the Divine Mother here.