Central region of India consists of the four states of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Most of the Central India has a hot dry summer followed by monsoon rains and a cool and relatively dry winter with temperatures fluctuating anywhere from 0 °C to 50 °C in several parts of the region. The summers are extremely hot, winters cold and rainy season can be either very wet or very dry.
In the Central region, Ujjain is known as one of India’s sacred towns. It also serves as a site for the Kumbh Mela. Furthermore, it is also a place belonging to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Kaal Bhairav temple, Ram Mandir Ghar, Harsiddhi temple, and many more holy places. Amarkantak, also called Teerthraj (literally meaning the king of pilgrimages), is located in Madhya Pradesh. The sacred city of Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh possesses one of the 12 Jyotirlingas, and hence draws the attention of hundreds and thousands of pilgrims every year.
One thousand two hundred years old Jyotirlinga located in Kedarnath in Uttarakhand, serves as a prime pilgrimage spot. Another such site that attracts devotees is Varanasi (also known as India’s spiritual capital) in Uttar Pradesh. Khajuraho is a popular tourist place in Madhya Pradesh to explore a group of Hindu, Buddhists, and Jain temples. Bhagwan Parshvanatha Temple in Khajuraho is one of the famous and the largest Jain temples, dedicated to Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism. Sonagiri Temples in Madhya Pradesh, Hanumantal Bada Jain Mandir in Madhya Pradesh are some of the most famous Jainism heritage and religious centers in the central part of the country.
The Buddhist shrines of Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, Baruth, Satna, Madhya Pradesh, and Sonari, Madhya Pradesh are some of the country’s ancient stone structures. The statues and monuments existing in the area are a fine manifestation of Buddhist art and architecture expansion. Mindrolling Monastery in Uttarakhand is one of the six monasteries of the Nyingma school of Buddhism. Kushinagar is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe Gautama Buddha attained nirvana.